Soft Durability

Pine: Pine comes in several varieties, including Ponderosa, Sugar, White, and Yellow; all of them make great furniture.

Cedar: Cedar comes in two varieties; Red and White, white Cedar has a reddish tint while red Cedar has a deeper-red tint. Mostly used for outdoor projects such as furniture, decks and building exteriors because it can handle moist environments without rotting.

Medium Durability

Birch: Birch comes in two varieties: yellow and white. Yellow birch is a pale yellow-to-white wood with reddish-brown inner grain, whereas white birch has a whiter color that resembles maple.

Fire: Fir Often referred to as Douglas Fir, this wood has a straight, pronounced grain, and has a reddish-brown tint to it. It doesn’t have the most interesting grain pattern and doesn’t take stain very well, so it’s best to use it only when you intend to paint the finished product.

Poplar: Poplar is one of the less expensive hardwoods. Poplar is white with some green or brown streaks in the inner grain. Because poplar is not the most beautiful wood, it’s rarely used in fine furniture, and if it is, it’s almost always painted.

Hard Durability

Ash: Ash is a white to pale brown wood with a straight grain.

Cherry: Cherry is an all-around great wood and ages beautifully. Cherry’s inner grain has a reddish-brown color to it and the outer grain is almost white. This is a very common wood for furniture-making

Mahogany: Mahogany One of the great furniture woods, has a reddish-brown to deep-red tint, a straight grain, medium texture.

Maple: Maple is harder than many other woods, and the grain has interesting patterns, tends to be less expensive than other hardwoods.

Oak: Oak comes in two varieties; red and white, white oak is preferred for furniture-making because it has a more attractive figure than red oak. White oak is also resistant to moisture and can be used on outdoor furniture.

Walnut: Walnut is a rich brown wood and is a great wood to work with and lends itself nicely for use as accents and inlays to dress up a project.

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